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Vegan baking guide

Everything you need to know about vegan baking.

If you're vegan, you might be hunting for ways to recreate your favorite baked goods without any animal ingredients.

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Vegan baking guide
Last updated on January 22, 2023, and last reviewed by an expert on September 7, 2021.

We all love a decadent dessert after dinner or a sweet breakfast treat on the weekends.

Vegan baking guide

But if you’re vegan, you can’t use eggs, butter, milk, meat, or any other animal byproduct.

That’s what makes the idea of vegan baking intimidating. How am I going to make a cake without eggs or butter? But believe it or not, vegan baking is a lot easier than you may think. With a little innovation and creativity, you’ll be surprised at how simple and delicious vegan goodies can be.

In this article

Vegan baking substitutes

Vegan baking substitutes are very easy to come across. While they’re everywhere, you have to know where to look.

You can find a lot of vegan options and substitutes in the organic section of your grocery store. Eggs, milk, and butter are the three main non-vegan ingredients used in many traditional dessert recipes, so you’re going to have to replace them if you plan on making a vegan dessert.


Vegan egg substitutes aren’t necessarily made to taste like eggs (though some are), but rather to replace their function. Eggs are the binding ingredient in desserts. And importantly, they’re the leavening agent in baked goods: Eggs help them rise and expand in the oven.

General grocery stores have vegan egg substitutes. Typically, you’ll only have to add water to the designated amount of egg substitute needed. Here’s a list of my favorite vegan egg substitutes.

Each of the following mixtures and foods is equivalent to one egg:

Flax eggs


Chia seeds

Soy protein powder


Butter is used in almost every type of baked good. It’s a must in baking. You’ll find it in brownies, cupcakes, cookies — you name it, it’s there.

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Luckily, finding vegan butter is as simple as picking up a different — but maybe surprising — ingredient.

Here are some vegan butter options to try:


Coconut oil

Silken tofu


Believe it or not, there are so many vegan milk options. Many vegan milk substitutes out there are made from nuts. You can also make your own vegan milk. Check out this recipe for homemade cashew milk.

But if you’re allergic to nuts, you can use soy-based milk. And if you’re allergic to soy or not a fan of the taste, you still have options, like coconut milk! As I said, there’s a never-ending list of vegan milk. Here are my favorites:

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Almond milk

Soy milk

Coconut milk

Cashew milk

These are just some of the most commonly used vegan substitutes for milk, butter, and eggs, but they’re not all of them. It’s a good idea to try out various substitutes to see which ones do well in certain recipes.

Once you start baking, you’ll know which ones work better for which recipes and why.

Vegan dessert recipes

Vegan desserts can be difficult to come by at a restaurant or grocery store. And most people insist on using butter, milk, and eggs to create a yummy and creamy dessert at home.

But you can still have a decadent and sweet dessert with vegan substitutes.

Here are some of my favorite vegan recipes that I love making:

Vegan banana pancakes

These vegan pancakes are a perfectly sweet kick-start to your morning.

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First, in a large bowl mix your pancake mix and about 1/2 cup of water until it reaches a thin consistency. You can add more water if it is too thick. You can make the batter thicker by adding more of the pancake mix or cornstarch. Add some white sugar for extra sweetness if you desire. Stir the batter thoroughly with the help of a spoon or fork so that it blends well and leaves no lumps.

Next, take your mashed banana and fold it into your batter. Make sure to use a fully ripe banana so that it tastes sweet. Now it’s time to make your pancakes. Coat your large pan in your vegan oil. You can also use vegan butter to oil up your pan.

Next, using a ladle, pour a small quantity of the pancake mixture into the pan. When small bubbles start forming on the surface of the pancake, flip your pancake and cook over medium heat for a minute until golden brown. Repeat until you have used all of your pancake batters.

Now it’s time to make the caramelized apples! In a saucepan, add a tablespoon of vegan butter and let it get to a simmer. After the butter melts add the chopped apples, the sugar, and a pinch of salt. Add the lemon juice and stir occasionally until the apples soften. When the apples are done, take them off the flame.

Suggested read: The 10 best substitutes for heavy cream

Vegan carrot cake cupcakes with cream cheese frosting

Want to add some vegetables to your dessert? Check out these healthy alternative cupcakes.

Ingredients for the cake

Ingredients for the cream cheese frosting

Instructions for the cake

  1. Preheat the oven to 350°F and line your cupcake pan with baking cups. (If you’re making a cake, grease your cake pan).
  2. In a large bowl mix together the brown sugar, white sugar, carrots, and vanilla. Add the coconut oil and milk and stir until combined.
  3. In a separate, medium bowl, whisk together the dry ingredients: flour, baking powder, allspice, and cinnamon.
  4. Add the dry ingredients to the wet ingredients. Beat with a hand mixer or stand mixer until fully incorporated.
  5. Begin scooping about 3 tablespoons into each cupcake cup. I use an ice cream scooper to help me determine the amount of batter to use per cupcake.
  6. Put your cupcakes in the oven for about 18-20 minutes, until the tops of the cupcakes are golden brown.

Instructions for the vegan cream cheese frosting

While you’re waiting for your cupcakes to bake you can begin the frosting.

  1. In a large bowl, beat your vegan butter/shortening with a hand mixer until creamed.
  2. Add in the cream cheese and continue beating until incorporated.
  3. Add the rest of the ingredients to the mixture: confectioner’s sugar, vanilla, and lemon juice. Gradually add the confectioner’s sugar. Beat until fully incorporated and until it has a creamy frosting consistency.
  4. Let your cupcakes cool for at least 15-20 minutes after taking them out of the oven, so the icing doesn’t melt off. Ice your cupcakes and you’re done!

Vegan sugar cookies

These super soft and chewy sugar cookies are made with a homemade glaze. They’ll have you feeling nostalgic again!

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Ingredients for the cookies

Ingredients for the icing


  1. Preheat the oven to 375°F and grease your baking sheet.
  2. In a large bowl, combine the confectioner’s sugar, vegan butter, milk, and vanilla. Stir in flour, cornstarch, baking soda, and cream of tartar. Beat with a hand mixer or stand mixer until fully incorporated.
  3. Roll your dough into 2 inch balls.
  4. Bake for 7-8 minutes or until the sugar cookies are golden brown.
  5. Let the cookies cool before adding your icing. I found it easiest to spread the icing on with a butter or cheese knife. And enjoy!

Vegan coconut ice cream

Cool off this summer with vegan coconut ice cream. It’s the perfect satisfying treat that won’t make you feel guilty after eating it.



  1. With a hand or stand mixer, combine the coconut milk, coconut oil, vanilla extract, scraped vanilla bean, organic cane sugar (or the preferred substitute), and sea salt. You can also use a blender to mix the ingredients. Blend all the mixture until it becomes smooth and creamy. The sugar must be dissolved completely.
  2. (Skip this step if you don’t have an ice cream maker). Take this mixture and add it to the chilled ice cream maker and churn for about 45 minutes. After 45 minutes, check to see if the mixture has a soft-serve texture and if it does, then it’s done. After churning the ice cream, pour the homemade vegan ice cream into a big container (freezer-safe). Use the back of a spoon to smooth out the ice cream. Cover the container and let it freeze for 5-6 hours or until the ice cream gets firm. If you are using an ice cream maker for this recipe, you should be finished at this point!
  3. If you don’t have an ice cream maker you can skip step 3 and simply scoop the ice cream into a chilled, non-stick bread pan. Put the bread pan in the freezer an hour prior before adding the ice cream to it. You want the ice cream to go in a chilled container.
  4. Cover the container and let it freeze for about 6-7 hours or until the ice cream gets firm.
  5. When you wish to eat the ice cream, take it out of the freezer, wait 5-10 minutes so that it gets a bit softened. Dip your ice cream scooper in hot water for a no-hassle experience.
  6. Ice cream will remain fresh for 7-10 days, so you can make a good amount of ice cream and store it in the freezer.

Remember, vegan baking is just like regular baking — creativity and passion matters most. If you’re intent on baking without animal ingredients, it can definitely be done.

Suggested read: Are brioche buns vegan?

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